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Rambler's Top100

EREBUNY
: Itineraries | : admin | 15.03.2007, 04:36


In 782 B.C. at the top of Arin - Berd hill the following inscription was engraved" God Khaldi with greatness of Argishti, the son of Menua, constructed this powerful fortress and established for it the name EREBUNY, for power of Biajlini country and for intimidation of the enemy countries". This inscription informs of a place and time of the foundation of a fortress that denominated settlement - EREBUNY - YEREVAN. The ruins of Erebuny city, or rather its citadels, are located on Arin - Berd hill, situated in the southeast surburb of Yerevan.
Erebuny was one of the important administrative and strategic centers of Urartu state, well adapted to long defense. The citadel has been provided with gravity water pipe and made in powerful three-row fortifications in height of about 10 meters. In the territory of100 h the ruins of the most ancient city constructions and citadels are visible. Arin-Berd citadel is preserved so well, that the escaped walls up to the height of 3-4 meters quietly outlined its general plan with smart halls, the spiritual premises and open palaces. The biggest structures of the citadel were the palace of king Argishti, hall of columns intended for official smart receptions and solemn ceremonies, temples of gods Khaldi and Susy. Walls of these constructions were covered with the refined frescos with a remarkable combination of bright colours. Plots of paintings had also the spiritual content (procession of gods, sacred animals, the tree of lives), as well as the secular character (images of the person and animals, a hunting scene). In different premises of citadel colorful frescos with original urartu times lions and ornaments from the geometrical figures performed with exclusive skill were found out. The pantry with traces of huge pitchers - clay vessels for storage of grain, oil, vine and other products was discovered.
The name of modern Yerevan originates from the name of this ancient city.
In 1968, at the bottom of a citadel, on the occasion of 2750-anniversary of the foundation of Yerevan, a museum was built up. Monumental forms of the building of the museum constructed from red tuff are simple and laconic.
On the wall of the museum the bas-relief was engraved representing the reigning Argishti.
In the museum the things found through excavation of the citadel are collected: cuneiforms, silver, ceramic, glass products, bronze subjects, and also personal things of Argishti I -the founder of the city: his helmet, shield, quiver, bronze bowls for vine and various fine subjects.
The entrance to fortress "is protected" by furious chimeras with the bird's and human heads on four sharp-clawed paws.
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